Dry Eyes

Exhausted and tired eyes business executive woman. Businesswoman stress and problems in job.

The number of Americans suffering from dry eyes is on the rise and continues to be one of the most common reasons patients visit their eye doctor. Over 26 million Americans have dry eye, and many don’t even realize they have the issue because they attribute it to eye fatigue or allergies.

One reason dry eye cases continue to increase is due to the amount of time we spend staring at screens, whether it be our phones or computer screens. When we stare at screens, we don’t blink as often as we should. Blinking is extremely important because it stimulates tear production and spreads our tears over the surface of the eye. Over time, this decrease in blink rate can cause serious issues with our eyes feeling gritty and dry.

The two main forms of dry eye are evaporative dry eye and aqueous deficient dry eye. Aqueous deficient dry eye is when the lacrimal glands don’t produce enough water to keep eyes moist. People often believe this is the issue they have when their eyes feel dry; however, only 14% of dry eye cases are of the aqueous form. Most people typically suffer from evaporative dry eye. Evaporative dry eye happens when the Meibomian glands are blocked. Meibomian glands are located in the eyelids and when functioning properly, they create an oil layer of tears. Without this oil, tears evaporate 4 to 16 times faster which is what causes that discomfort and dryness.

Your eye doctor should determine which method is best based on the type of dry eye and severity. If you believe you are suffering from dry eye, it’s important to speak with your eye doctor as soon as possible. At Scott and Christie Eyecare Associates, we offer the most advanced dry eye diagnosis and treatment options available. Schedule a dry eye assessment with us today to learn more.

Diabetic Retinopathy


For patients living with diabetes, there are many aspects of their health that they must keep track of. An area that they should absolutely not neglect is their eyesight. It is especially important for adults over 40 with diabetes to have their vision checked annually as the beginning stages of diabetic retinopathy may be present. Younger diabetic patients should also make sure to be examined as prevention is the best possible way to stop the disease; like most diseases it is easiest to prevent at the earliest possible time.

Diabetic retinopathy is a set of vision problems including: blurred and/or cloudy vision, floating blind spots, and vision loss. These occur as a result of unregulated blood sugar in the body. The varying blood sugar levels cause the blood vessels in the eye to become weak, bursting and leaking blood into the eye over time. New, weaker vessels will grow, but often form within the retina, further causing vision difficulties and problems. If unchecked, this could lead to permanent partial or complete vision loss. diabetic-retinopathy-brochure-cover

Annual eye examinations allow doctors to see exactly how far along the disease is progressing and how to counteract it. There is no absolute cure for the condition, its progression can be slowed and the more damaging effects can largely be avoided. Some of the best ways to keep your eyes healthy are to consistently monitor and control your blood sugar and pressure levels, as well as practicing healthy habits such as diet and exercise.

Treatment options often involve laser procedures. These are designed to break up the weak vessels and stop possible leaks in the others. Optical professionals will be able to identify the correct course of action, but it is essential to have regular eye exams to prevent this condition from causing serious vision problems.

Contact us at Scott and Christie Eyecare Associates to schedule a Diabetic Retinal exam. We happily provide all of the eye care needs to Pittsburgh, Cranberry, as well as all of the surrounding areas.

Digital Eye Strain: 10 Tips for Relief

In this day and age, it has become nearly impossible to go a whole day without looking at some sort of digital screen. Some of us have to look at them all day while at work. Over 50% of people who work wi9th computers show eye strain and other bothersome visual symptoms. Here are 10 easy tips to reduce your risk of computer eye strain.

  1. Get a Comprehensive Eye Exam:   Getting a routine comprehensive eye exam is the most important thing you can do to prevent or treat computer vision problems. Contact us to help schedule your routine comprehensive eye exam.
      2. Use Proper Lighting:   Excessive bright light often causes eye strain. When you use a computer, your ambient lighting should be about half as bright as computers found in an office.
      3. Minimize Glare:    Glare on walls and finished surfaces, as well as reflections on your computer screen also can cause computer eye strain. Consider installing an anti-glare screen on your monitor and, if possible, paint bright white walls a darker color with a matte finish. Again, cover the windows. When outside light cannot be reduced, consider using a computer hood.
      4. Upgrade Your Display:         If you have not already done so, replace your old tube-style monitor (called a cathode ray tube or CRT) with a flat-panel liquid crystal display (LCD), Digital Eye Strainlike those on laptop computers.
      5.  Adjust Computer Display Settings:     Make sure the brightness of the display is about the same brightness of the surrounding workstation. The text size and contract should be adjusted for comfort.
      6. Blink More Often:       Blinking is very important when working at a computer; blinking moistens your eyes to prevent dryness and irritation. When working at a computer, people blink less frequently — about one-third as often as they normally do — and many blinks performed during computer work are only partial lid closures, according to studies.
      7. Exercise Your Eyes:     One exercise is to look far away at an object for 10-15 seconds, then gaze at something up close for 10-15 seconds. Then look back at the distant object. Do this 10 times. This exercise reduces the risk of your eyes’ focusing ability to “lock up” (a condition called accommodative spasm) after prolonged computer work.
      8. Take Frequent Breaks:      Take frequent breaks during your computer work day to reduce the risk of computer vision syndrome.
      9. Modify Your Workstation:     If you need to look back and forth between a printed page and your computer screen, this can cause eye strain. Using a desk lamp may help, as log as it does not shine into your eyes or on your computer screen.
      10. Consider Computer Eyewear:    For the greatest comfort at your computer, you might benefit from having a Scott and Christie doctor modify your eyeglasses prescription to create customized computer glasses.
Contact us at Scott and Christie Eyecare Associates if you have any questions regarding this or any other matter. Scott and  Christie Eyecare Associates is proud to service the Pittsburgh and Cranberry area with top of the line ye care.



What is it?

Blepharitis sounds like a serious eye disorder, but it is really a very common ailment that we often see in here in our offices at Scott & Christie. It is the term for a chronic inflammation of the lower eyelids and eyelashes. Blepharitis symptoms include: redness, swelling, itching, and irritation; causing discomfort for patients, but usually do not affect a patient’s vision.

There are a host of factors that doctors have found that contribute to blepharitis. The most common of these are: minor bacterial infection, poor eyelid health and hygiene, and allergic reactions to external stimulants. Doctors may be able to determine the cause of the inflammation when they examine the eyes themselves.

How do you treat it?

Treatment for blepharitis varies depending on the severity and cause. If doctors believe it has to do with eyelid hygiene or infection, antibiotics may be prescribed. In most cases an eyelid scrub is advised- several times a day if needed. This involves mixing a small amount of baby shampoo and warm water together with a cotton swab and gently cleaning the outer lid and eyelash areas of the eye, rinsing with cool water. It is highly recommended to change swabs per eye. Another treatment  option is to take a clean washcloth soaked in warm water and cover the eyes for up to five minutes, several times a day. This helps reduce the redness and irritation in the eyes.

Always consult with a doctor before self treatment. Contact us at Scott & Christie Eyecare Associates  in Cranberry Township for more information.

Information obtained on the Scott and Christie website is not a substitute for an eye exam… see Additional Information.

Anti-Reflective Lenses

Bright Lights, Big Glare

Driving at night can be challenging under the best of circumstance, but battling the glare from oncoming headlights can make a stressful situation even worse. Nowadays, you can beat the glare by opting for anti-reflective (AR) Anti-Reflective Lenseslenses.

Technological advances in anti-glare coatings virtually eliminate glare by allowing 99.5 percent of available light to pass through your lenses. That means fewer visual distractions when you’re sitting behind the wheel, and less eyestrain when you’re sitting in front of a computer (or any) screen for hours.

There’s another advantage to going anti-glare—you’ll look better. Your lenses will appear clearer, practically invisible, allowing people to focus on your eyes and not the reflection in your glasses.

By the way, the AR coating is applied in our full-service eyewear lab, allowing for personalized, hands-on production of your glasses.

Visit our Good Looks Eyewear stores in either Pittsburgh or Cranberry and ask our ABO certified Opticians about AR lenses.

Contact us at the Pittsburgh location or the Cranberry location if you have any question about Anti-Reflective Lenses.

January is Glaucoma Awareness Month

Currently, more than 3 million people in the United States have glaucoma, approximately 120,000 are blind from glaucoma, accounting for 9% to 12% of all cases of blindness. Glaucoma is called “the sneak thief of sight” since there are no symptoms and once vision is lost, it’s permanent. As much as 40% of vision can be lost without a person noticing. Those at higher risk include people of African, Asian, and Hispanic descent. Other high-risk groups include: people over 60, family members of those already diagnosed, diabetics, and people who are severely nearsighted. Regular eye exams are especially important for those at higher risk for glaucoma, and may help to prevent unnecessary vision loss. Talk to friends and family about glaucoma. If you have glaucoma, don’t keep it a secret. Let your family members know.

January is Glaucoma Awareness Month


Glaucoma patients, did you know that your eye pressure can be safely controlled without complex eye  drop regimens?  At Scott and Christie Eyecare Associates, we offer an alternative to eye drops and their side effects for glaucoma treatment: laser surgery that can greatly lessen or virtually eliminate your dependence on eye medications.  Covered by insurance plans, this FDA-approved laser procedure is fast, safe and effective. .  If you are interested in freeing yourself from the inconvenience of your current eye drop regimen and expensive monthly trips to the pharmacy, please contact Scott & Christie Eyecare Associates to see if laser surgery is right for you.

Knowing Your LASIK Options


There are some companies out there that entice customers with a low LASIK price, of $299 per eye. We are here to tell you that there is no such thing. The “$299 per eye” is for the lowest prescription glasses possible. At Insight LASIK and Refractive Group, we won’t even recommend LASIK surgery for such prescriptions. You can get this “$299 per eye” surgery, but you will need your glasses again. Contact Insight LASIK and Refractive Group where our trusted doctors will give all of the information you need to make your decision for surgery. We want to make sure that you fully understand the LASIK process before making such a big life decision. We care about our patients and don’t mislead on prices, surgical options, or results. Contact Insight Lasik and Refractive Group today to schedule your free LASIK evaluation.

Patient Care on the Forefront of Technology

Patient Care on the Forefront of Technology

Today, eye care research and technology are constantly evolving. In Western Pennsylvania, Scott and Christie Eyecare Associates continues to set new standards in eye care through its commitment to delivering current technology advancements to not only support medical problems of the eye, but by also using technology to deliver a better quality of life for its patients.

As one of the region’s most innovative and experienced eye physician and surgeon groups, the team at Scott and Christie Eyecare Associates offers innovative medical treatments with state-of-the-art ocular diagnostics. More importantly, notes William Christie, MD, cataract surgeon in the practice, “it can also provide the most recent technology to increase a patients quality of life.”

“Our patients tell us they appreciate the time our experienced doctors and staff spend with them explaining their various options and opportunities for attaining better vision leading in an increased quality life,” says Dr. Christie.

For example, Dr. Christie and his team is one of the first eyecare practices in the region to deliver cataract laser technology for any patients undergoing cataract surgery with the CATALYS Precision Laser System– the new standard in precision cataract surgery. The surgery, performed at the practice’s ambulatory surgery center in Cranberry, lasts less than 15 minutes and is nearly painless, with little downtime.catalys-large-inset

Traditionally, cataract surgery resulted in a patient only having access to a single vision lens, providing only good distance vision. This resulted in most patients still needing glasses for reading and viewing objects close up. It also left patients with astigmatism since the surgery didn’t correct this. However, with the introduction of CATALYS laser technology and Multifocal Implant Lenses, it revolutionized how patients experience vision after cataract surgery. With Cataract Laser Surgery many key steps of the procedure that were manually performed can be completed with precision using the laser, leading to a customized vision treatment and a more gentle procedure.

“With Multifocal Lens Technology patients can have a full range of vision, reducing the dependency or eliminating eye glasses after surgery,” explains Dr. Christie. “Combining both technologies, patients experience optimum vision results. With these new technologies, we can even provide patients with multi-focal technology for a full range of vision, before the development of cataracts, providing patients with better vision earlier in their life.”

Selecting a skilled surgeon to provide these options to patients is important, says Jeffrey Rihn, the practice’s chief financial officer. With ten years of Cataract Multi-focal Implant technology experience, Rihn says now all eye physician practices can deliver this cutting edge technology to patients. Dr. Christie has personally performed over 28,000 cataract procedures awhile his colleague, Daniel Zimmer, MD, has performed over 25,000 LASIK procedures.

“Experience like this delivers a safe, comfortable and quick surgical experience,” says Rihn. “Selecting a medical practice that can provide these options and more importantly, explain these options, is critical.”

As a partly covered medical procedure, Rihn stresses these patients should not miss this once in a lifetime opportunity to experience a fine tuned, full range of vision. Because cataract surgery only occurs one time in a patient’s life, it’s important for cataract patients to be educated about this technology and more importantly to know they options.

Maintaining offices in Fox Chapel Plaza and Cranberry, Scott and Christie Eyecare Associates provides ample free parking and accessibility along main highways and bus routes. Comfortable offices and its friendly staff helps make your time with them a pleasurable experience.

“Our experienced staff provides exceptional ophthalmic services and individuals who can truly answer any patient’s questions and provide follow-up care as needed,” says Dr. Christie. “We believe in continually evolving as a company in order to serve our patients’ needs by providing them with higher levels of patient care, comfortable offices, and convenient locations.”




Cataract Surgery Options


The Problem of Cataracts.

More than 20 million Americans aged 40 and older are affected by cataracts, the leading cause of blindness worldwide. Cataracts are readily managed by surgery. And with today’s innovative technology, cataract surgery can not only restore vision, but actually improve patients’ quality of life.

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Scott & Christie Eyecare Associates is one of the region’s most innovative and experienced eye physician and surgeon groups, delivering advanced, customized medical treatments with state-of-the-art ocular diagnostics and femtosecond laser technology (Cataract Laser) designed to optimize vision. Reflecting its commitment to evolve to best serve patients’ needs and expectations for longer, more productive lives, it is the first eyecare practice in western Pennsylvania to deliver cataract laser technology with the Catalys® Laser. Combining this technology with 10 years of cataract Multi‑Focal Lens Implant technology experience, Scott & Christie Eyecare Associates can offer cataract surgery as a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for patients to achieve better vision, removing cataracts and correcting refractive error all in one precise procedure—thus leaving patients with a fine‑tuned full range of vision.

Traditional vs. Laser Cataract Surgery.

Traditional cataract surgery, which is covered by Medicare and other insurances, involved the implantation of a single-vision lens, which provided good distance vision but most often resulted in patients wearing glasses for reading and close-up tasks. It also left patients with astigmatism, since the surgery didn’t correct it. With laser cataract surgery, many key steps of the procedure that were manually performed can be completed with precision using the laser (including simultaneous correction of astigmatism, if needed), leading to a customized vision treatment and a more gentle procedure. Surgeons with access to and experience in these combined technologies can offer patients a full range of vision, reducing the dependency on or even eliminating the need for eye glasses after surgery.

Selecting a Surgeon.

Cataract surgery just became a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity. When selecting a surgeon to perform cataract surgery, patients should ask these important questions: Can my surgeon explain to me all of my options? Can my surgeon provide me access to the latest FDA-approved technology? Is my surgeon experienced with both traditional and innovative cataract surgical techniques and eyecare? For patients of Scott & Christie Eyecare Associates, the answer to these questions is a resounding yes. The physicians and staff walk patients through all of their options based on their individual needs and desires, offering them a customized procedure to meet their individual lifestyle. The practice offers the latest FDA‑approved cataract laser and Multi‑Focal Lens Implant technology. And the doctors are among the most experienced in the western Pennsylvania region: Dr. William Christie has personally performed over 28,000 cataract procedures, and Dr. Daniel Zimmer over 30,000 LASIK procedures. In addition, Scott & Christie Eyecare Associates is one of the top clinical research sites in the world for new ophthalmic pharmaceuticals and devices. Patients have the opportunity to be compensated for their study participation and save on costly medications while benefiting from important and innovative research for eye health and wellness. Regardless of whether they choose to participate in research, patients have access to advanced treatment plans based on new and improved pharmaceuticals and devices.

Convenience and Respect.

With offices in Fox Chapel Plaza and Cranberry, Scott & Christie Eyecare Associates provides ample free parking and accessibility along main highways and bus routes. Comfortable offices and experienced, friendly staff help make your visit a pleasurable experience where your individual needs are respected and met. Contact us today to make an appointment for a cataract evaluation!

CATALYS Precision Laser

Laser Cataract Surgery

Using the CATALYS Laser, Dr. William C. Christie M.D., can provide you with a gentle, accurate, and customized treatment. The Precision Laser System is designed specifically for laser cataract surgery. Traditionally, many steps that are involved in a cataract surgery are done by the use of handheld instruments. Now these steps can be completed using the precision of the CATALYS Laser.

The CATALYS Precision Laser System is indicated for use in patients undergoing cataract surgery for removal of the Crystalline lens. Intended uses in cataract surgery include anterior capsulotomy, phacofragmentation, and the creation of single plane and multi-plane arc cuts/incisions in the cornea, each of which may be performed either individually or consecutively during the same procedure.

catalys-large-insetEvery eye is different. The CATALYS Laser makes precise 3D maps of relevant eye structure before surgery. Dr. William C. Christie M.D. is able to soften the cataract with the CATALYS Laser during surgery in order to easily remove it. The CATALYS Laser creates precise incisions, including a circular opening in the lens capsule to access and remove the cataract. The surgeon may recommend a specific lens implant type Insert link to Lifestyle Lens Implant that would let you see well without glasses or contacts. This would be a tailored treatment that would involve precise laser incision in the cornea created by the CATALYS Laser.

Cataract surgery usually takes less than 30 minutes. The CATALYS Laser portion of treatment usually takes just a few minutes.

Dr. William C. Christie M.D. is the premier surgeon in the Greater Pittsburgh Area, Cranberry, Butler, and surrounding counties. Call to schedule your Cataract evaluation today! (724) 772–5640.  Contact Us